Honda Accord

1998-1999 of release

Repair and car operation

Honda Chord
+ Honda Accord brand Cars
- Settings and routine maintenance
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
   Check of level of liquid of the power steering
   Check of level of ATF AT
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Check, service and charging of the storage battery
   Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of brake system
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier
   Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
   Check of level of the RKPP transmission oil
   Survey of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive, check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of a condition and replacement of VV of candle wires, covers and distributor begunka
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling
   Service of system of cooling (oporozhneniye, washing and filling)
   Replacement of brake liquid
   Replacement of liquid of automatic transmission (AT/CVT)
   RKPP transmission oil replacement
   Replacement of filters of central air of air
   Check and adjustment of gaps of valves (necessarily)
   Sbrasyvaniye of the indicator of intervals of routine maintenance
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Engine management
+ gear shifting Box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes

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Check of levels of liquids

(each 400 km [250 miles] run or weekly)

Various liquids play a role of working bodies in systems of greasing, cooling, heating and air conditioning, braking, washing of glasses etc. In view of that all liquids are subject eventually to a razzhizheniye and development, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their complete replacement periodically. Before starting correction of level or replacement, familiarize with the list recommended for use in the car of grades of liquids.

At check of levels of liquids the car should be parked on an equal horizontal platform, it is desirable with a firm covering.

Impellent oil

Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, inserted into directing tube and lowered in the engine to the bottom the pallet of its case. On all models measuring щуп it is located in a forward part of the power unit.
Check of level of oil should be made before the trip first in the present day, or not less than 15 minutes later after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after engine switching off, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as the part of oil will appear distributed on internal galleries and engine components.

Take measuring щуп from a directing tube and dry wipe it pure rags or a paper towel. Insert щуп back into a tube against the stop, then again take. Examine an edge щупа, checking size of the site moistened with oil. Level of oil should be between the top and bottom marks in an edge щупа. In case of need add in the engine the corresponding amount of oil of a demanded grade.

For level lifting from the bottom mark on щупе to top, about one liter of oil is required. The level exit out of limits of the bottom border of an admissible range conducts to development of oil starvation of the engine fraught with serious mechanical damages of the last. Try not to pour also oil above the top mark as it can lead to a pelting of spark plugs or failure of oil of epiploons of the power unit as a result of excessive increase of pressure.

To fill in oil in the engine it is necessary to remove the cover of a jellied mouth equipped with a carving. For the purpose of minimization of a razbryzgivaniye of oil during its filling in the engine use a funnel, or a butterdish with a long nouse. Having filled in oil, screw and strongly tighten a cover of a jellied mouth, then start the engine and attentively examine on existence of signs of leakages of oil a drain stopper and a surface of the oil filter interfaced to the block. Muffle the engine, wait about 15 minutes during which oil will merge in the pallet, and once again check level.

Check of level of engine oil is important preventive procedure of service of the engine. Continuous decrease in level testifies to existence of leakages of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing laying, wear of piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil on color or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of laying of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a head body (ok) or the block. Check should be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its condition. Big and index fingers remove from an edge щупа oil traces, - in case of presence at it small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (see. Section Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter).

Cooling liquid of the engine

Do not allow antifreeze hit on open sites of a body and the painted surfaces of the car. Casual splashes immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water. Remember that antifreeze is extremely toxic liquid and its hit in an organism even in small amounts is fraught with the most serious consequences, up to a lethal outcome. Never leave antifreeze being stored in leaky closed container, immediately collect cooling liquid spilled on a floor. Remember that the sweetish smell of antifreeze can draw to itself attention of children and animals. About ways utilization of the fulfilled cooling liquid consult with local authorities. In many regions of the world special points on different reception of working off are equipped. At all do not merge old cooling liquid in the sewerage and on the earth!

Recently nontoxical grades of antifreeze were developed, however they also should be utilized in the organized order.

All models of cars described in the real Management are equipped with system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The broad tank of system of cooling made of translucent plastic is located in an impellent compartment and connected by a perelivny hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At an engine overheat cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows via the valve which has been built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, liquid comes back on a hose back to a radiator that allows to support constantly in norm its level in system.

Level of cooling liquid in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and should be between marks of MIN and the MOVE on translucent walls of a tank. It is necessary to remember that level of liquid depends on its temperature therefore it should be in a cold condition only slightly above the bottom mark, and after engine warming up - to rise to a mark the MOVE. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added in a tank through a mouth demanded quantity of a fresh mix.

Do not uncover a radiator for check of level of liquid in it at the warmed-up engine! For correction of level of liquid use only demanded structure a mix этиленгликоля and the distilled water (about 50/50). Remember that frequent application for correction of level of cooling liquid leads idle time of water to a gradual razzhizheniye of antifreeze and an utrachivaniye a mix of the of frost resistance and anticorrosive properties.

Continuous falling of level of cooling liquid usually testifies to development of leaks in system. Check on existence of traces of leaks a radiator, hoses, a jellied cover, drain jams and the case of the water pump. If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure in the conditions of a car-care center workshop.

Do not uncover at all a radiator / a broad tank at the warmed-up engine!

In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait complete cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly unscrew a cover to the first emphasis. If thus there is a steam emission, let's to the engine cool down a little more, after it finally uncover.

Besides level check also a condition of cooling liquid, - it should be rather transparent. If cooling liquid is painted in henna-red color of a rust, the system of cooling should be emptied, washed out and filled with a fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if liquid outwardly is not exposed to any changes, inhibitors of corrosion entering into its structure are exposed eventually to development therefore cooling liquid should be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car.

Try not to allow antifreeze hits on open sites of skin or the painted surfaces of body components. Casually got splashes immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water.

Liquid of washing of wind and back glasses of the car

14 Liquid of washing of a windscreen is filled in in the special tank located in the left forward corner of an impellent compartment of the car. In regions with a temperate climate as liquid for washing of glass pure water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of compensation of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At car operation in severe climatic conditions it is necessary to fill in only patent screen wipers providing the corresponding decrease in a freezing point of liquid in the tank. In order to avoid a glass obmerzaniye when washing in cold weather previously warm up it a way обдува passed via the heater heat exchanger air.

At all do not use for addition in liquid for washing of glasses used in cooling system antifreeze, - the last is aggressive in relation to a paint and varnish covering of body panels!

Hydraulic liquid of brake system and coupling drive

The main brake cylinder (GTTs) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes. The hydraulic cylinder of coupling is used on models from RKPP and is fixed in the neighbourhood from GTTs directly on a back partition of an impellent compartment. On the models equipped with ABS in the right part of an impellent compartment the tank of the hydraulic modulator of anti-blocking system settles down.

Before check of level of liquid of the ABS modulator on the car it is necessary to make short (some minutes) a trip for the purpose of alignment of pressure. If level of liquid rises much above a mark the MOVE, the car should be driven away on car repair shop for carrying out more detailed checks and performance of necessary repair.

Liquid level in tanks is well looked through through translucent walls of the last and should be supported between two marks of MIN and the MOVE on walls. At the corresponding complete set do not forget to check also level of hydraulic liquid in the tank of the ABS block located in the right part of an impellent compartment.

In case of need corrections of level of liquid carefully wipe a cover of the corresponding tank and a surface round it pure rags in order to avoid hit in dirt system.

At a liquid flood in the tank watch to spraying it on the surrounding painted surfaces of body elements. Add in each of systems only liquid of the grade stipulated by standard requirements. Mixing of two liquids of a various grade by no means is inadmissible! At correction of level of liquid in the GTTs tank do not lead up it to the top mark approximately on 20 mm, - after cover installation level will automatically settle into shape. Attention: Brake liquid is extremely chemically aggressive, - do not allow hit it in eyes and on the painted surfaces of body panels! Do not use for addition in system the hydraulic liquid which has staid of more than one year, or stored in leaky closed container. Remember that brake liquid is very hygroscopic and possesses ability to absorb moisture from air then its efficiency considerably decreases!

At a stage of correction of level it is necessary to check also attentively a condition of liquid and internal walls of the tank. In case of identification of mud deposits, firm extraneous particles or water drops the system should be emptied and filled with fresh hydraulic liquid (see. Head Coupling and power shafts or Brake system).

After the tank will be filled to demanded level, densely plant on it a cover.

Remember that level of hydraulic liquid in the GTTs tank in process of operation of frictional overlays of brake shoes slowly falls, however this decrease is always very insignificant. If liquid has to be added too often, means, in system the leak which source should be immediately revealed takes place, and the reason is eliminated. Attentively examine all brake lines and their shtutserny connections, including supports, wheel cylinders and the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier (Check of brake system for more details see in the Section). Falling of level of liquid in the tank of the main cylinder of coupling indicates existence of leaks in system of a hydraulic actuator of the last (see. Head Coupling and power shafts).

If during check of level of liquid in GTTs that fact is elicited that its tank is almost devastated, the brake system should be pumped completely over (see. Head Brake system).